APJ Abdul Kalam Biography

APJ Abdul Kalam

Title Desricption
Full Name Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam
Date of Birth 15 October 1931
Birth Place 27 July 2015, Shillong
Father Name Jainulabiddin Marakayar
Mother Name Ashiamma Jainulabiddin
Education Ramnathpuram Metriculation School, State Josef collage,Madras Institute of Technology
Height 1.68 m
Famous As Former President of India
Awards Bharat Ratna, Padma Bhushan, Padma Vibhushan
Died 27 July 2015, Shillong

In Short

Abul Pakir Zainul Abdin Abdul Kalam Masoudi or APJ Abdul Kalam Masoudijin, known as the Missile Man and the President of the People, was the eleventh elected President of the Indian Republic. He was the former President of India, a renowned scientist and engineer (engineer). Were noted as He taught, no matter what the situation may be in life, but when you are determined to fulfill your dreams, then you live by fulfilling them. The thoughts of Abdul Kalam still inspire the younger generation to move forward today. After discharge from the presidential obligation After leaving office, Kalam became an honorary Fellow of Indian Institute of Management Shillong, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Indian Institute of Management Indore and Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, and a Visiting Professor. Professor of Aerospace Engineering in India and many other academics and disciplines across India. He taught in Information Technology at Banaras Hindu University and Anna University, and in Information Technology at International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad. In May 2012, Kalam launched a program for the youth of India, with the central theme of defeating corruption, "What can I give to the movement"? Also enjoyed playing. Kalam used to listen to Karnataka devotional music every day and believed in Hindu culture. In the Hindi film Im Kalam in 2011, Kalam's positive influence on a poor but bright child was portrayed. In his honor, the child Chhotu, a Rajasthani boy, renamed himself Kalam. In 2011, Kalam was criticized by civic groups for his stance on the Kudankulam nuclear plant. They supported the establishment of a power plant. He was accused of not talking to the locals. He is known for being a capable nuclear scientist, but unhappy with the assurances provided by him about the plant's security features, he was hostile to them.

Early Life

On 15 October 1931, Kalam was born into a middle-class Muslim family at Dhanushkodi village. His father Jainulabdeen was neither educated nor well-paid, his father used to rent a boat to fishermen. Abdul Kalam lived in a joint family. The family member numbers can be estimated from the fact that he himself had five brothers and five sisters and lived in a family of three. His father had a great influence on the life of Abdul Kalam. Even though he was not educated, but his dedication and his values ?? were very useful for Abdul Kalam. At the age of five, he was ordained in the primary school of Panchayat of Rameswaram. His teacher Iyadurai Solomon told him that in order to achieve success and favorable results in life, these three powers should understand and establish dominance over them with intense desire, faith, and expectation. While studying in the fifth grade, his teachers were giving him information about the way the bird flies, but when the students did not understand, the teacher took them to the beach where they showed them by showing the flying birds, Kalam decided to see these birds. Having done that, he has to go into aviation science only in the future. Kalam's mathematics teacher used to take tuition in the morning, so he went to read mathematics tuition at 4 in the morning. Abdul Kalam also served to distribute newspapers to continue his early education. Kalam received a bachelor's degree in astronomy from the Madras Institute of Technology in 1950. After graduation, he entered the Indian Defense Research and Development Institute to work on the Hovercraft project. In 1962 he came to the Indian Space Research Organization where he successfully played his role in many satellite launch projects. As Project Director played an important role in the construction of India's first indigenous satellite launch vehicle SLV3, in which the Rohini satellite was successfully launched into space in July 1982. He primarily handled the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) for four decades as a scientist and administrator of science and was also involved in India's civil space program and military missile development efforts. He is known as 'Missile Man' in India for his work in the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. He played a pivotal, organizational, technical and political role in India's Pokhran-II nuclear test in 1998, the second time since India's first original nuclear test in 1974. In 2002 Kalam was elected President of India. After a five-year term of service, he returned to his civilian life of education, writing and public service. The Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor received many prestigious awards, including.

Scientific life

In 1972 he joined the Indian Space Research Organization. Abdul Kalam received the credit of making India's first indigenous satellite (SLV III) missile as project director-general. In 1980, they established the Rohini satellite near Earth's orbit. He is also credited with granting licenses to ISRO launch vehicle program. Kalam designed indigenous target piercing-controlled missiles. They made the missiles like fire and earth with indigenous technology. Kalam was the Science Advisor to the Defense Minister from July 1992 to December 1999 and the Secretary of the Security Research and Development Department. He used the strategic missile system as a firearm. Similarly, at Pokhran for the second time, nuclear tests were also done in combination with nuclear energy. In this way, India achieved success in the ability to build nuclear weapons. Kalam provided a unique vision for modernizing India's developmental level in the field of science by 2020, who also served as the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Government of India. In 1982, he returned to the Indian Defense Research and Development Institute as a director and focused his attention on the development of "guided missiles". He is credited with the successful testing of fire missiles and earth missiles. In July 1992, he was appointed Scientific Advisor in the Ministry of Defense of India. Under his supervision, India conducted its second successful nuclear test in Pokhran in 1998 and joined the list of nations with nuclear power. The president was elected. He was made a candidate by the Bharatiya Janata Party-backed NDAA constituent parties, which was supported by all parties except the Left. On July 18, 2002, Kalam was elected the President of India by a ninety percent majority and was sworn in as President on July 25, 2002 in the Ashok Room of Parliament House. Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, members of his cabinet and officials were present at this brief ceremony. His term ended on July 25, 2007. Abdul Kalam was very disciplined in his personal life. He was a vegetarian. He wrote his biography Wings of Fire in a way that provides guidance to Indian youth. His second book, "Guiding Souls - Dialogues of the Purpose of Life" inaugurates spiritual ideas. He has also written poems in Tamil. It has also been known that in South Korea there is a great demand for their books and they are much liked there.

After discharge from the presidential obligation

After leaving office, Kalam became an honorary Fellow of Indian Institute of Management Shillong, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Indian Institute of Management Indore and Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, and a Visiting Professor. Professor of Aerospace Engineering in India and many other academics and disciplines across India. He taught in Information Technology at Banaras Hindu University and Anna University, and in Information Technology at International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad. In May 2012, Kalam launched a program for the youth of India, with the central theme of defeating corruption, "What can I give to the movement"? Also enjoyed playing. Kalam used to listen to Karnataka devotional music every day and believed in Hindu culture. In the Hindi film Im Kalam in 2011, Kalam's positive influence on a poor but bright child was portrayed. In his honor, the child Chhotu, a Rajasthani boy, renamed himself Kalam. In 2011, Kalam was criticized by civic groups for his stance on the Kudankulam nuclear plant. They supported the establishment of a power plant. He was accused of not talking to the locals. He is known for being a capable nuclear scientist, but unhappy with the assurances provided by him about the plant's security features, he was hostile to them.
 
 
 
 

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