Mother Teresa Biography

Mother Teresa

Title Desricption
Full Name Anjeze Gonxhe Bojaxhiu
Date of Birth 26 August 1910
Birth Place Skopje, Macedonia (FYROM)
Father Name Nikollë Bojaxhiu
Mother Name Dranafile Bojaxhiu
Famous As Holy person
Awards Nobel Peace Prize(1979) , Bharat Ratna (1980)
Died 5 September 1997 (aged 87) Calcutta, West Bengal, India (present-day Kolkata)

In Short

Mother Teresa, who has been named by the Roman Catholic Church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta, was born in an Albanian family in the name of Ainzeh Gonza Boyajieu in Uskub, Osman Empire (present-day Skopje, Republic of Macedonia). Mother Teresa was a Roman Catholic nun who voluntarily took Indian citizenship in 1949. He founded the Missionaries of Charity in 1950 in Kolkata. He helped the poor, the sick, the orphans and the dying people for 65 years and also paved the way for the spread of Missionaries of Charity. By the 1960s she became famous for her humanitarian work for the poor and helpless, mentioned in several Malcolm Muggeridge documentaries and books such as Something Beautiful for God. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1949 and the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian honor of India in 1970. During Mother Teresa's life, the Missionaries of Charity continued to expand and by the time of her death she was controlling 710 missions in 123 countries. It included hospices/homes for patients with HIV / AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis as well as soups, kitchens, counseling programs for children and family, orphanages and schools. After the death of Mother Teresa, he was proclaimed blessed by Pope John Paul II and bestowed the title of Blessed at Kolkata. Mother Teresa died on 5 September 1997 due to a heart attack.

Early life

On August 26, 1910, Mother Teresa was born in Skopje (now in Macedonia). His father Nikola Boyaju was an ordinary businessman. Mother Teresa's real name was 'Agnes Gonzha Boyajiju'. Gonza means flower buds in the Albanian language. Her father died when she was only eight years old, after which all the responsibility of her upbringing came over her mother Drana Boyaju. She was the youngest of five siblings. At the time of his birth, his elder sister was 7 years old and his brother was 2 years old, the other two children passed away in childhood. She was a beautiful, studious and hard-working girl. Along with her studies, he loved the song. She and her sister were the main singers in the nearby church. It is believed that when she was only twelve years old, she realized that she would spend her whole life in human service and at the age of 18, she decided to join the Sisters of Loreto. She then went to Ireland where she learned English. Learning English was necessary because Sisters of Loreto taught children in India through this medium.

Pledge for lifelong service

In 1971, Avesh changed his name to Teresa and he took the pledge of lifelong service. He himself has written - It was the 10th of September 1980 when I was going to Darjeeling on my annual holiday. At the same time, my conscience was raised that I should abandon everything and dedicate my life to God and poor Narayan, and surrender to the poor. "

Service to the sufferer

Mother Teresa is not biased in the service of Dalits and Victims. They have visited the world to increase harmony. They believe that 'the hunger for love is greater than the hunger for bread'. Inspired by his mission, self-servants from different parts of the world came to India and started serving the poor with body, mind, and money. Mother Teresa says that service work is a difficult task and requires full support. Only those people who can do this work show rain of love and consolation - feed the hungry, give shelter to the homeless, love the destitute with love, be ready to plant the disabled at all times.

Awards and Honors

Mother Teresa has been honored with various awards and honors for her services. In 1931, he was awarded the Peace Prize of Popazan twenty-third and the Templeton Foundation Award for the progress of religion. Vishwa Bharati Vidyalaya gave him Deshikottam's title which is the highest title given by him. The Catholic University of America conferred him with a doctorate degree. He received the title of 'Padma Shri' in 1962 by the Government of India. In 1919, Britain was conferred the title of 'Ier of the British Empire'. The Banaras Hindu University awarded him a D-Lite degree. On 19 December 1949, Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Prize for human welfare work. She is the third Indian citizen to be awarded this award in the world. While the announcement of the Nobel Prize for Mother Teresa has brought happiness to the suffering masses of the world, every Indian citizen felt proud of herself. He was welcomed at the place. Professor Jan Senes, President of the Norwegian Nobel Prize, summoning Mother Teresa in Calcutta, urged all citizens to take inspiration from Mother Teresa in the field of service. The Prime Minister and other dignitaries of the country gave a grand welcome to Mother Teresa. In her welcome speeches, Mother Teresa has clearly stated that "words do not serve mankind, for that there is a need to work diligently."  He has been praised by many individuals, governments, and institutions, although he has also faced criticism. This includes criticism from several individuals, such as Christopher Hitchens, Michael Franti, Arup Chatterjee (Vishwa Hindu Parishad), who were opposed to the particular model of their work (conversion). In addition, many medical journals have also criticized the standards of medical safety offered in their hospices and raised questions about the opaque nature in which donation money is spent.


According to a letter from Canadian academics Serge Larive, Genevieve Chenard, and Carole Senechal, Teresa's clinics received millions of dollars in donations but did not have adequate amounts of medical care, systematic diagnosis, necessary nutrition and adequate analgesics for those struggling with pain. These three academics reported, "Mother Teresa believed that sick people should suffer like crusts on the cross". It was further stated that the use of additional funds received in donations could improve the health of the city's poor by providing advanced palliative care facilities. In addition to this, the list of charges against him includes forcibly converting by baptizing dying people, opposing other women's rights including abortion, supporting dictators and controversial people, taking money from criminals. In 2017, investigative journalist Gianluigi Nuzzi reported that the funds raised by her charity in the name of Mother Teresa in a bank in the Vatican amounted to billions of dollars. They are also accused of being hypocritical, that they asked the poor to bear their suffering, but when they themselves fell ill, they got their treatment at the highest-quality expensive hospital. Despite receiving money in the state, the condition of their institutions was miserable. Hitchens describes him as "a friend of the poor rather than the poor".  

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