Subhas Chandra Bose Biography

Subhas Chandra Bose

Title Desricption
Date of Birth 23 January 1897
Birth Place Cuttack, British India
Father Name Janakinath Bose
Mother Name Prabhavati Dutta
Spouse Emilie Schenkl
Famous As Political Leader
Died 18 August 1945 (aged 48) Taihoku, Japanese Taiwan (present-day Taipei)

In Short

Subhash Chandra Bose, also known as Netaji Ji, was one of the leading and largest leaders of India's freedom struggle. During World War II, he formed an independent Indian army with the help of Japan to fight against the British. Jai Hind's slogan has become the national slogan of India. His slogan, "You give me blood, I will give you freedom" was also one that came into high circulation at that time. Some historians believe that when the leader tried to seek help from Japan and Germany, the British government ordered his detectives to kill him in 1941. Addressing the army as 'Supreme Commander' in front of the Town Hall of Singapore on July 5, 1943, the leader addressed "Delhi! Gave the slogan and took a united front with Imperial and Kohima including Burma from the British and Commonwealth Army together with the Japanese Army. On October 21, 1943, Subhash Bose formed the provisional government of independent India under the supreme commander of the Azad Hind Fauj which was recognized by Germany, Japan, the Philippines, Korea, China, Italy, Manchukuo, and Ireland. Japan gave the Andaman and Nicobar Islands to this temporary government. Subhash went to those islands and renamed them. In 1944, the Azad Hind Army again attacked the British and liberated some Indian territories from the British. Kohima's war was a fierce battle fought from April 4, 1944, to June 22, 1944. The Japanese army had to retreat in this war and that proved to be a turning point. On July 6, 1944, he released a broadcast from Rangoon Radio Station under the name of Mahatma Gandhi, in which he sought his blessings and best wishes for victory in this decisive battle. There is still controversy over Netaji's death. While his martyrdom day is celebrated annually on August 18 in Japan, people in his family living in India still believe that Subhash's death did not happen in 1945. They were detained in Russia after that. If this is not the case, why has the Government of India not made public the documents related to his death till now? On January 16, 2014 (Thursday), the Calcutta High Court ordered the formation of a Special Bench for hearing on a public interest petition demanding the release of intelligence documents related to Netaji's disappearance. For the first time in the history of the 75 years of the independence of the Azad Hind government, in 2018, Narendra Modi, as Prime Minister, hoisted a tricolor on the Red Fort besides 15th August. 11 countries that the government recognized this government.

Birth and family life

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897, in a Hindu family in Cuttack town in Odisha. His father's name was Janakinath Bose and his mother's name was Prabhas. His father, Janakinath Bose was a famous lawyer in the city of Cuttack. At first, he was a government lawyer but later he started a private practice. He worked for a long time in the Municipality of Cuttack and was also a member of the Bengal Assembly. He was given the title of Raibahadur by the British Government. Prabha Devi's father's name was Ganganarayan Dutt. The Dutt family was considered to be an elite family of Kolkata. Prabhavati and Janakinath Bose had a total of 14 children including 6 daughters and 8 sons. Subhash was his ninth child and fifth son. Of all his brothers, the highest attachment to Subhash was from Sharad Chandra. Sharadababu was the second son of Prabhavati and Janakinath. Subhash used to call him Majda. Sharadababu's wife's name was Vibhavati.

The journey from education to ICS

After completing his primary education from the Protestant European School in Cuttack, he enrolled in the Ravenshaw Collegiate School in 1909. College Principal Benimadhav Das's personality had a good impact on Subhash's mind. It was only at the age of fifteen that Subhash had thoroughly studied Vivekananda literature. In 1915, he passed the second class despite being ill in the intermediate examination. In 1916 when he was a student of BA in Philosophy (Honors), there was a dispute between the teachers and the students of the Presidency College. Banned. He took the exam for recruitment in the 49th Bengal Regiment but he was disqualified for the army due to poor eyesight. Somehow he took admission to the Scottish Church College but the mind was telling him to go to the army. He used the free time to test the Territorial Army and was admitted to the Fort William Army as a recruiter. Then, it was noticed that BA, like intermediate, did not get even lower numbers. Subhash studied very well and passed the BA (Honors) examination in first class in 1919. He was second at Calcutta University. The father wanted Subhash to become an ICS but due to his age, he had to pass this test only once. He asked his father for twenty-four hours to think so that he could make a final decision on whether or not to give the exam. All night, in this confusion, he kept awake what to do. Eventually, he decided to take the exam and moved to England on September 15, 1919. After not being admitted to any London school to prepare for the exam, Subhash somehow got admission to study the Tripas (Honors) examination of Kits William's recent mental and moral science. This solved the problem of their living and eating. Recently taking admission was an excuse to show the real purpose of passing at ICS. So he passed in 1920, getting fourth place in the priority list. Subhash wrote a letter to his elder brother Sharat Chandra Bose and wanted to know his opinion that his heart and mind had been captured by the ideals of Swami Vivekananda and Maharshi Arvind Ghosh. On April 22, 1921, Secretary of India E.S. Montague wrote a letter of resignation from the ICS. A letter was written to the patriarch Chittaranjan Das. But as soon as she receives the letter from her mother, Prabhasi says, "She is proud of her son's decision to say anything to the father, family or anything else."

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